Essential Equipment Used For Hiking
When packing your equipment used for hiking their are essential items you must bring to prevent and survive emergency situations.
The 10 Essential equipments used for the best nursing tank top originated back in the fifties by backpacking enthusiasts. In recent years some items were added to the list to best saltwater fillet knife with modern equipment and environments. The new list is called the 10 Plus Essentials.
10 Plus best mulching mower blades for Hiking
- Topographic Map
The number 1 Essential Equipment used for hiking is a good topographic map. Unless you are on a well-populated nature trail you will need a map detailed enough so that you can you way back to the trail if youre lost. It should also show features such as rivers, streams, hills and other terrain landmarks.
It's easy to get turned around and disoriented in the backwoods. Even if you have a map it will not tell you which direction you are facing. Once you line up the north arrow on the compass with the north arrow printed on the map you should be able to find your way with ease with this must have equipment used for hiking.
- Flashlight or Headlamp
A flashlight is an essential equipment used for hiking as the last light of day starts to fade away and you're still hustling to set up your camp or worse find your way back to camp. Make sure you flashlight is not easily turned on. You don't want it to have been on all day and then when you need it find that it's drained. Pack an extra set of batteries and even an extra bulb just in case.
When outdoors for long periods of time the suns ultraviolet rays can lead to cataract development. Select sunglasses that filter out 97-100% UVA and UVB rays. A must have equipment used for hiking in areas with out shade from trees. For extra protection choose wraparound sunglasses to keep sunlight from entering from the sides. When mountaineering in snowy conditions Glacier glasses or a must have to prevent snow blindness.
The sun emits ultraviolet rays UVA and UVB that is harmful to your skin. UVB rays cause sunburns and UVA penetrates deeper into the skin to cause more serious damage to skin tissue and causes wrinkly and leathery skin. UVA rays also contribute to skin cancer and malignant melanoma. Apply at least an SPF 15 (or more depending on your skin type) fifteen minutes before you go out into the sun. This allows the active ingredients to absorb into the skin. If your hiking on a warm day select waterproof sunscreen to prevent sweat from diluting the active ingredients.
- Extra Food and Water
Pack an extra days worth of food and water with you for every hike. Some good suggestions are freeze-dried meals, energy bars, nuts, dried fruits and jerky. Keeping a can or two of tuna in your pack is a good idea also.
- First Aid Kit
Choose a pre-assembled first aid kit then personalize it to suite your needs. Any kit should include moleskin (for blisters), band-aids, several gauze pads, adhesive tape, iodine and aspirin. You may want to add other things such as Calamine lotion for insect bites, anti-diarrhea medicine and cold medicine.
Select waterproof matches or strike anywhere matches stored in a watertight case. Regular matches are too unreliable. Also bring a cigarette lighter for back up.
- Fire Starter
A fire starter is used only when windy and damp conditions make it difficult to start a fire. Some good fire starters are candles, fire starting nuggets, magnesium blocks, hexamine tablets and priming paste.
- Knife or Multi-Tool
One equipment used for hiking that is real handy is a good knife or multi-tool helps in food preparation, fire starting, repairing your equipment used for hiking and first aid. My favorite is the Swiss Army Camper. It comes with tools for just about any camping situation. It includes two blades, a can opener with screwdriver, bottle opener with screwdriver and wire stripper, reamer with sewing eye, corkscrew, wood saw, toothpick and tweezers.
- Water Filter
That crystal clear water may appear to be fresh and pure but living in it is microscopic organisms that can leave you ill for weeks. Water filters filter out the more common waterborne pathogens but for extra protection choose a water filter that also purifies and kills viruses that filters could miss. A good water filter should be easy to pump sustaining a steady flow and be effective against waterborne pathogens. You should also be able to clean it in the field to prevent clogging.
Yelling can tire your vocal cords. Plus a whistles sound travels much farther. Keep it attached somewhere to the outside of your backpack like a D-ring on your shoulder strap where it will be easily reachable in an emergency.
- Extra Clothes
One thing that can ruin a hiking trip is unexpected weather conditions. Prepare for changing temperatures and rain. Bring a poncho and an extra pair of socks for rain. A jacket or extra layers for cold weather and lighter clothing for hot weather. Pack a wool or fleece cap to help retain body heat. An extra pair of socks are a necessity should your original pair become wet. Also bring a light space blanket for unexpectedly cold nights or for fighting hypothermia.
- Food Storage Device
The last essential equipment used for hiking is food storage devices. Never leave food unattended at your campsite and especially never bring food with you in your tent. Unless you want wild animals digging through your belongings or breaking into your tent. At night secure your food in this device and hang it from a tree out of reach of animals. Food-storage devices (such as a bear canister) are now required in some western parks and wilderness areas. Even in areas where such containers are not required, wildlife managers often still recommend their use.
Buying Equipment Used for Hiking
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As with any tool just having it doesn't mean anything unless you know how to use it correctly. Learn how to use all of your equipment used for hiking. Learn how to read a topographic map and compass and put on your sunscreen. Always use common sense when hiking.
If you know the weather will be bad stay at home, if it is getting dark go back to camp. If you do find yourself in trouble at least you'll have the essential equipment used for hiking available.
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Now that you know the list of equipment used for hiking use them to prevent and survive emergency situations.
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